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DOBRI DASKALOV
(1882-1912)

"WE DO NOT FIGHT FOR OURSELVES,

BUT FOR OUR PEOPLE!"

 



LIFE AND ACTIVITY


Dobri Daskalov  is Macedonian revolutionary leader from Ilinden period, one of the leading revolutionaries of the Macedonian people from the Tikvesh  region who struggled for liberation from Turkish-century slavery.  He was born in Kavadarci, on November 13, 1822, in the Protestant clerical family; his father’s name was Zaharya and his mother’s name was Maria. His father was a clergyman, educated, cultural and progressive man who openly embraced the revolutionary ideas of the Macedonian revolutionary organization, and his mother was devoted to the upbringing of her children a lot of time. He completed his primary education and junior three-grade High School in Kavadarci, and then he proceeded to study at Exarchate High School in Thessaloniki. From Thessaloniki he continued his education in Samokov, Bulgaria, where during the 1896/97 school year, he was enrolled in a Protestant School for metal workers. Right there in Samokov Dobri Daskalov began his revolutionary activities and became a member of the revolutionary group "Trajko Kitinchev”.

bug._gimnaz._vo_solun

Bulgarian Exarchate High School in Thessaloniki

Clenovi_na_Osnov._kongres

Delegates from Tikvesh region: 1. Dobri Daskalov, 2. Doncho Lazarov


In April 1901, when he was  only 19 years, Daskalov joined the revolutionary group of Jane Sandanski, so called "Pirin Tsar".  He took part directly in the abduction of Miss Ellen Stone, the missioner, who previously had good friendly and business relations whit Daskalov family as a Protestant family. By order of the organization in the late 1901, Daskalov was transferred to the revolutionary group of Hristo Chernopeev, revolutionary leader of Strumica. However, due to a small negligence Daskalov was arrested by the Turkish authorities and was sentenced  to prison several years but was released with the help of strong lobbying of influential people in Thessaloniki  governor. He was condemned only six months in prison.

Dobri_tatko_mu_i_Mis_Ston

                                 Dobri Daskalov with his brother                             Miss Ellen Stone
                                               and father



In May 1902 in Sofia, Dobri Daskalov had a very cordial meeting with the ideologist of the Macedonian revolutionary movement, Goce Delchev.  This meeting strongly influenced over his determination to persevere in implementing the revolutionary work.

In spring 1904, Daskalov came in the Tikvesh region as a head of a well-equipped and trained revolutionary group.  He was appointed to be Tikvesh district leader by the District Committee.  In early May 1904, Dobri Daskalov as a delegate from the Tikvesh region and together with Pesho Samardziev participated in Prilep movable congress of TMORO.

In the second half of August 1904, his revolutionary group struggled against the Turkish army in the locality called “Gradot” near the village Pravednik.

In June 1905, Dobri Daskalov participated in Thessaloniki congress and was elected a delegate from the Thessaloniki region for the upcoming congress of the organization in the Rila Monastery.

On July 13, 1905 his revolutionary group fought with a larger Turkish army and police in the village Resava. In this fierce battle two fighters was killed  from Dobre’s group and several of them were wounded. After the withdrawal of the military, five villagers were killed  and the whole village Resava was burned. In August the same year, the joint groups of Dobri Daskalov and Pesho Samardziev led a great struggle in the locality “Trnika” near the village Mrezichko, where managed to inflict heavy loss on the Turkish army. 

In August 1905, Dobri Daskalov and Todor Pop Antov, as delegates from Thessaloniki revolutionary district, participated in the general congress of TMORO held in the hospices of the Rila Monastery. During 1906 and 1907 with his revolutionary group he led energetic and fierce struggle to clean Tikvesh region and Kozuf from the presence of Vrhovist groups and emissaries. Once assured that the military will not be able to crush and overwhelm, the Vrhovists tried to do it by way of negotiations. However, during the negotiations he made it clear to the Vrhovistis that he was against the division of Macedonia and was committed to the principle of Macedonia to the Macedonians.

In 1909, Dobri Daskalov was one of the founders of the National Federal Party in Kavadarci.  Dobri Daskalov was elected a member of the Executive Board during the founding congress in Thessaloniki.  However, only a year after the founding congress in late 1910 young Turkish regime prohibited the operation of the NFP.

Cetata_na_Dobri_Daskalov

Revolutionary group of Dobri Daskalov



Just one year after the murder of the famous Tikvesh revolutionist,   Lazo Asijata, on June 20, 1912 another murder happened in Kavadarci.  Namely, in front of his family home, when holding his nine-month old daughter, Nevenka, Dobri Daskalov, the long-time revolutionist of Tikvesh region was killed  by Krsto Ristov Kimov Grvavec of the village Grvavec. The murder of Dobri Daskalov was committed by order of Milan Gjurlukov, a revolutionist, from Prilep.

The murder of Dobri Daskalov made severe blow  to the revolutionary organization in the Tikvesh region, particularly to the supporters of so-called Ser group - Sandisti, such as Dobril Daskalov, Ilo Bocev, Misho Shkartov, Risto Josifov, Todor Kamchev and others. After the murder, Krsto Kimov Ristov joined the revolutionary group of Lazar Fertikot, but he was dropped from the group because of the great reputation of Dobri Daskalov in the Tikvesh region

Pistolot

The gun which Dobri Daskalov was killed with

 

 "The people are fighting for their freedom, they dreamed for centuries ..."

"We always have priority over Turkish soldiers and police, because we willingly sacrifice our life for freedom.    They are paid, they prefer money and life. They fear death and are afraid of the fight. This advantage should be used ... "


"The fate of the native country from afar is bitter and tragic, and the lives of people are full of hellish suffering and pain, but never like now.  Out of this we find in the irreconcilable struggle - a struggle with equal vigor, as against sultan tyrannical regime, and against Vrhovist."

Dobri Daskalov


 

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